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[texts]ERIC ED342680: International Mathematics and Science Assessments: What Have We Learned? Research and Development Report. - ERIC
This report addresses two related issues. First, it summarizes the past international studies of mathematics and science, describing each study and its primary results. In place of country by country performance rankings, the report presents the average performance for each country accompanied by an estimate of the statistical error circumscribing the limits of meaningful country-to-country comparisons...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Evaluation; International Cooperation; Mathematics Achievement; Mathematics Education; Science Achievement; Science Education; Surveys; World Affairs
Downloads: 3
[texts]ERIC ED380275: Calculus-Based Physics Exploratory Study. Summary Report. - ERIC
Generally, the levels of participation and achievement of females in science do not match those of male learners. This report describes the formation and study of an all-female section of calculus-based physics for the purpose of providing an environment that might enhance the participation and achievement of females in the physical sciences so that the Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy could study the phenomenon of disproportionately low participation and achievement of females in an upp...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Calculus; Females; Higher Education; Physics; Science Achievement; Science Instruction; Sex Differences; Single Sex Classes
Downloads: 6
[texts]Effects of design-based science instruction on science problem-solving competency among different groups of high-school traditional chemistry students - Lartson, Cobina Adu
Recent trends indicate a significant decline in the number of students graduating from Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) programs in the US. The under-representation of students of color, females and low income students in STEM programs has also been documented. Design Based Science (DBS) instruction has been suggested to improve the problem solving skills of students of color.The present study employed a quasi-experimental pre-post-test research study...
Keywords: Problem Solving Competency; Race; Science achievement; Educational Studies and Research; Gender
Downloads: 317
[texts]ERIC ED361207: Technological Applications in Science Assessment. - ERIC
Educational technology has been a focus of development and research in science teaching and learning. This document reviews research dealing with computer and hypermedia applications to assessment in science education. The paper reports the findings first for computer applications for assessment and then for hypermedia applications in assessment. Computer applications include access to large test banks, evaluation of student data collected in laboratory exercises, microcomputer-administered diag...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Educational Technology; Elementary Secondary Education; Evaluation Methods; Formative Evaluation; Hypermedia; Microcomputers; Science Achievement; Science Education; Testing
Downloads: 5
[texts]ERIC ED386372: Approach to Learning and Assessment in Physics. - ERIC
The objectives of this exploratory study were to determine: (1) the approach to learning of physics students (N=142) at John Abbott College (Quebec, Canada) as determined by the Study Process Questionnaire; (2) the intellectual demands of quizzes, tests, and final exams in physics using a scheme derived from Bloom's taxonomy; and (3) the relationships between the approach to learning, the intellectual demands of assessment, and the performance of the students...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Achievement Tests; Electricity; Evaluation; Foreign Countries; Higher Education; Mechanics (Physics); Optics; Physics; Questionnaires; Science Achievement; Science Instruction
Downloads: 1
[texts]ERIC ED382472: Self-Explanations Promotes Science Learning. - ERIC
The use of the method of self-explanations to gain knowledge on students' conception of the chemical equilibrium concepts is reported in this paper. The analysis provides information on: (1) a general indication of students' understanding of materials related to chemical equilibrium, (2) a deep investigation of problem solving skills associated with the content, (3) a close look on inferences generated during studying the materials, and (4) a comparison of successful, intermediate, and unsuccess...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Chemical Equilibrium; Chemistry; Foreign Countries; High School Students; High Schools; Interviews; Science Achievement; Science Education; Scientific Concepts
Downloads: 3
[texts]ERIC ED370774: Classroom Assessment: Key to Reform in Secondary Science Education. - ERIC
Science educators and other are faced with determining what changes must be made in education to insure scientific literacy for all students. One area that has been identified as playing a crucial role in science achievement outcome is assessment. This monograph focuses on improving assessment techniques used by teachers as they devise tests to measure and evaluate the outcomes of science instruction in their classrooms...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Educational Change; Performance Based Assessment; Science Achievement; Science Education; Science Process Skills; Scientific Literacy; Secondary Education; Student Evaluation
Downloads: 2
[texts]ERIC ED340601: Alternative Methods for Assessing Science: Report to the States. Science & Mathematics Indicators Project. Conference Report of State Assessment Directors and State Science Supervisors (Tampa, Florida, January 13, 1989). - ERIC
State assessment directors and State science supervisors discussed alternative methods for assessing student learning in science at a conference. The conference had two objectives: (1) to increase the knowledge of state science supervisors and assessment directors of recent experience at international, national, and state levels with alternative methods of student assessment in science, such as hands-on exercises; and (2) to inform and assist states in planning alternative methods for state scie...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Achievement; Educational Assessment; Elementary Secondary Education; Evaluation Methods; Evaluation Problems; Informal Assessment; Science Achievement; Science Education; Testing; Validity
Downloads: 2
[texts]ERIC ED340587: Interagency Council on Science and Math Education. Hearing on S. 1951 To Promote Interagency Cooperation in the Area of Science, Mathematics and Technology Education before the Committee on Governmental Affairs, United States Senate. One Hundred First Congress, Second Session. - ERIC
The transcript of the hearing that examined S. 1951, a bill to establish a Federal Interagency Council on Science, Mathematics, and Technology Education, is presented. The purpose of the bill is to promote cooperation and coordination among the dozen or so federal agencies that administer programs in science and math education. Witnesses include the following officials: (1) John Andelin, Office of Technology Assessment; (2) Christopher T...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Agency Cooperation; Agency Role; Coordination; Elementary Secondary Education; Federal Legislation; Hearings; Higher Education; Mathematics Achievement; Mathematics Education; Science Achievement; Science Education; Scientific Literacy
Downloads: 2
[texts]ERIC ED379158: The Effect of Two Components of the Dimensions of Learning Model on the Science Achievement of Underprepared College Science Students. - ERIC
Learning science is complex and difficult for many students and their understanding of science concepts and processes may be inaccurate or lacking. In an effort to improve the science achievement of underprepared students enrolled in a general science course, an integrative instructional model, "Dimensions of Learning" was used. Since acquiring and integrating knowledge (Dimension 2) and extending and refining knowledge (Dimension 3) are very important, these components of the model were emphasi...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Achievement; Black Colleges; Classroom Research; College Preparation; College Science; College Students; Effect Size; High Schools; Higher Education; Science Achievement; Science Education; Scientific Concepts; Undergraduate Study
Downloads: 2
[texts]ERIC ED365513: Eisenhower Mathematics and Science Education Act: Overview and Issues for Reauthorization. CRS Report for Congress. - ERIC
Legislative authority for the Dwight D. Eisenhower Mathematics and Science Education Act, one of the principal sources of Federal funding to improve mathematics and science instruction in elementary and secondary schools, expires during the 103d Congress. This report provides background data and analysis for the reauthorization of the Eisenhower Act. It reviews the general concerns about mathematics and science performance that may affect this reauthorization, as well as those related issues inv...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Elementary Secondary Education; Federal Aid; Federal Legislation; Federal Programs; Grants; Mathematics Achievement; Mathematics Education; National Programs; Science Achievement; Science Education
Downloads: 8
[texts]ERIC ED376559: School Size Effects on Achievement in Secondary Education: Evidence from the Netherlands, Sweden and the USA. - ERIC
This paper reports the results of an investigation into the relationship between school size and achievement. The study examined the impact of school size on mathematics achievement in Dutch, Swedish, and American secondary education and on science achievement in the Netherlands. The following research questions were explored: (1) Is school size related to achievement independently of student background characteristics, such as sex, achievement motivation, socioeconomic status, and cognitive apt...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Achievement; Effective Schools Research; Foreign Countries; Institutional Characteristics; Mathematics Achievement; School Demography; School Effectiveness; School Size; Science Achievement; Science Tests; Secondary Education
Downloads: 3
[texts]ERIC ED341582: Effects of an Environmental Education-Related STS Approach Instruction on Cognitive Structures of Preservice Science Teachers. - ERIC
Concept maps provided a measure of subjects' cognitive structures before and after completion of an environmental education course. Concept maps were constructed from expressions taken from the issue "global climate." Expressions were assigned to one of three domains: science, technology or society. Maps were analyzed by constituent propositions, which were categorized by various characteristics including the domains of the expressions connected, the relationship expressed and the strength, dete...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Cognitive Development; Cognitive Structures; Environmental Education; Higher Education; Methods Courses; Preservice Teacher Education; Science Achievement; Science and Society; Science Education; Secondary Education
Downloads: 1
[texts]ERIC ED344752: Indian-Related Materials in Elementary Science Instruction. - ERIC
The purpose of this study was to investigate the hypothesis that if selected instruction materials were more culturally-relevant, Native American students should be more motivated and better able to make connections between school learning and their own lives. This increased motivation and improved connections between school learning and their own lives would be reflected in more positive attitudes and increased achievement...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; American Indians; Cultural Activities; Elementary School Science; Instructional Materials; Intermediate Grades; Junior High Schools; Minority Groups; Motivation; Pretests Posttests; Science Achievement; Science Education; Student Attitudes
Downloads: 3
[texts]ERIC ED332641: Missouri Higher Education and Economic Development: Stimulating and Abetting Insightful Action. - ERIC
This report provides an analysis of Missouri's system of higher education within the context of the state's economic development. Section I provides an overview of the changed context of economic competition in terms of global economy, changes in technology, demands for a skilled work force capable of lifelong learning, and changing demographics. Section II demonstrates the necessity of a quality teacher corps for economic development in the course of an overview of the United States and selecte...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Achievement; Economic Development; Economics; Enrollment; Faculty Development; Financial Support; Global Approach; Higher Education; Industry; Lifelong Learning; Mathematics Achievement; Research; Science Achievement; Technology
[texts]ERIC ED381375: Technology and Meteorology. An Action Research Paper. - ERIC
Meteorology, the science of weather and weather conditions, has traditionally been taught via textbook and rote demonstration. This study was intended to determine to what degree utilizing technology in the study of meteorology improves students' attitudes towards science and to measure to what extent technology in meteorology increases higher-level thinking skills. Two groups, treatment (n=120) and traditional (n=126), of sixth-grade science students were presented meteorology using differing t...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Action Research; Educational Technology; Elementary School Students; Grade 6; Hands on Science; Intermediate Grades; Meteorology; Science Achievement; Science Education; Scientific Attitudes; Student Attitudes; Surveys; Teaching Methods
Downloads: 3
[texts]ERIC ED368739: Chemistry, College Level. Annotated Bibliography of Tests. - ERIC
Most of the 30 tests cited in this bibliography are those of the American Chemical Society. Subjects covered include physical chemistry, organic chemistry, inorganic chemistry, analytical chemistry, and other specialized areas. The tests are designed only for advanced high school, and both bachelor/graduate degree levels of college students. This document is one in a series of topical bibliographies from the Test Collection (TC) at the Educational Testing Service (ETS) containing descriptions of...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Achievement Tests; Annotated Bibliographies; Certification; Chemistry; College Entrance Examinations; Equivalency Tests; Higher Education; Mastery Tests; Science Achievement; Science Tests; Student Evaluation
Downloads: 4
[texts]ERIC ED382481: Science/Technology/Society: A Reform Arising from Learning Theory and Constructivist Research. - ERIC
The Iowa-Scope, Sequence, and Coordination (SS&C) Program assists schools with reform of their entire middle school programs, grades 6-8, and features the science, technology, and society (STS) instructional approach. This reform translates to the creation of new frameworks for the school program and aims to produce "constructivist" teachers to implement the reform. One such program is evaluated by examining improvements in student learning in six learning domains: concept, process, application,...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Constructivism (Learning); Educational Change; Intermediate Grades; Junior High Schools; Learning Theories; Middle Schools; Science Achievement; Science and Society; Science Education; Science Programs; Student Surveys; Technology
Downloads: 3
[texts]ERIC ED389533: Social Background Differences in High School Mathematics and Science Coursetaking and Achievement. Statistics in Brief. - ERIC
Since the publication of "A Nation at Risk," (U.S. National Commission on Excellence in Education, 1983), several state and local educational authorities have increased the number of mathematics and science courses required for high school graduation. This report examines the relationships between the numbers of courses in mathematics and science that high school students complete and their achievement on standardized tests...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Course Selection (Students); High School Students; High Schools; Longitudinal Studies; Mathematics Achievement; Science Achievement; Science Curriculum; Social Influences; Standardized Tests
Downloads: 3
[texts]ERIC ED338482: Student Differences in Attribution and Motivation toward the Study of High School Regents Earth Science. - ERIC
Student differences in attributions and motivation toward the study of high school Regents Earth Science were investigated through a naturalistic classroom study. Subjects were 72 ninth-graders in a rural New York high school. A shift in student attributions regarding success or failure in the class was facilitated by introducing an instructional intervention of an Earth Science unit with a criterion of 100% mastery...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Earth Science; Grade 9; High Schools; Mastery Learning; Qualitative Research; Questionnaires; Science Achievement; Science Education; Sex Differences; Student Attitudes; Student Motivation; Teacher Characteristics; Teaching Methods
[texts]An interview with Mary Perry Smith, co-founder of MESA : oral history transcript / 2004 - Smith, Mary Perry, 1926- ive

Keywords: Smith, Mary Perry, 1926-; Mathematics, Engineering, Science Achievement Program; Minority students -- Vocational guidance California; Science -- Vocational guidance California; Mathematics -- Vocational guidance California
Downloads: 547
[texts]ERIC ED360155: A Cooperative Research Group for the Study of Culture and Science Education in Developing Countries. - ERIC
In the West, science is assumed to be an integral part of Western culture. What interests Western educators and policy makers is achievement in science, particularly the comparative achievement in science among students of different Western nations plus Japan. Americans are constantly asking whether or not our students know as much science as Japanese and German students, for example. While educators in non-Western, developing nations share an interest in achievement, they ask other questions th...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Constructivism (Learning); Cross Cultural Studies; Cultural Traits; Developing Nations; Educational Philosophy; Educational Principles; Elementary Secondary Education; Foreign Countries; Science Achievement; Science Education; Western Civilization
Downloads: 4
[texts]ERIC ED374020: Science Framework for the 1994 National Assessment of Educational Progress. - ERIC
This document contains the framework and rationale for assessing science achievement of students throughout the United States in 1994. It provides a general overview of the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), describes the 1994 NAEP Science Framework adopted by the National Assessment Governing Board, and reviews the process by which the Framework was developed. The following sections are included: (1) Introduction; (2) The Framework for the 1994 NAEP Science Assessment; (3) Desi...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Achievement; Achievement Tests; Biological Sciences; Elementary Secondary Education; Physical Sciences; Science Achievement; Science Education; Science Tests; Student Evaluation
Downloads: 3
[texts]ERIC ED326435: Determinants of Science Achievement at the Elementary Level in a "Minority" Population. - ERIC
In recent years, great interest has been generated in the determinants of science achievement. This study examines some of the postulated determinants of science achievement at the elementary level. The determinants examined are gender, parental occupation, socio-economic status, school gender, and school type. The 977 students who served as subjects were randomly selected from approximately 20,000 Trinidadian students who wrote the 11+ examination in March 1989...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Achievement; Elementary Education; Elementary School Science; Females; Foreign Countries; Parent Influence; Private Education; Public Schools; Science Achievement; Science Education; Sex Differences; Socioeconomic Status
[texts]ERIC ED358160: Assessment of Student Learning in Science. - ERIC
As part of a series of documents describing assessment of student learning in various curriculum areas in South Carolina, this document reviews the assessment of student learning in the science classroom. The report begins with a discussion of effective science learning, and outlines the knowledge, skills, and dispositions that encompass science education. Reform efforts currently underway to transform school science are described...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Achievement; Alternative Assessment; Computer Simulation; Curriculum Development; Educational Assessment; Educational Change; Elementary Secondary Education; Evaluation Methods; Hands on Science; Performance Based Assessment; Portfolios (Background Materials); Science Achievement; Science Education; State Programs; Student Evaluation; Student Journals
Downloads: 1
[texts]ERIC ED342651: Raising Our Sights: Improving U.S. Achievement in Mathematics and Science. - ERIC
Despite rising concerns about the mathematics and science achievement of U.S. students, a flood of evidence amassed over the past decade suggests that far too few students are receiving the high-quality education needed in these subjects either for careers or for basic citizenship. The Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development (ASCD) Panel on U.S. Achievement in Mathematics and Science was convened in May 1991 to examine three issues: (1) the continued low standing of U.S...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Standards; Curriculum Development; Educational Change; Educational Testing; Elementary Secondary Education; Instructional Development; Instructional Improvement; Mathematics Achievement; Mathematics Education; Mathematics Instruction; Science Achievement; Science Instruction; Student Evaluation; Teacher Education
Downloads: 1
[texts]ERIC ED356310: Teaching and Learning Science with Understanding to Limited English Proficient Students: Excellence through Reform. - ERIC
This paper, which considers effective science teaching and learning for limited English proficient (LEP) students in U.S. schools, is based on the assumption that science and English language can be effectively learned together without excessive emphasis on students' native language, although teachers and aides who have knowledge of LEP students' first language can enhance instruction through its judicious use...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Annotated Bibliographies; Bilingual Education; Curriculum Development; Educational Change; Educational Improvement; Educational Practices; Elementary Secondary Education; English; Learning Strategies; Limited English Speaking; Public Schools; Science Achievement; Science Instruction; Second Language Instruction; Teaching Methods
Downloads: 2
[texts]ERIC ED355256: Alternative Assessments in Math and Science: Moving toward a Moving Target. A Joint Study. - ERIC
Given the restructuring of curriculum and instruction and the changing state of assessment in Virginia and nationally, a study group of 22 Virginia teachers from elementary schools, middle schools, and high schools throughout the state chose to examine and revise their assessment practices. They wanted to reflect changes in thinking and practice in teaching that include active learning, cooperative learning, and critical thinking strategies...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Alternative Assessment; Educational Assessment; Educational Change; Educational Planning; Elementary School Teachers; Elementary Secondary Education; Guidelines; Mathematics Achievement; Mathematics Tests; Performance Based Assessment; Science Achievement; Science Tests; Scoring; Secondary School Teachers; Student Evaluation; Teacher Made Tests; Thinking Skills
Downloads: 2
[texts]ERIC ED356947: Sex Differences in Science Achievement: A Multilevel Analysis. - ERIC
The assertion that girls and boys in single-sex schools outperform their peers attending coeducational schools was investigated in this study with particular reference to physics achievement. The relationship between the school, the home and the student's performance in physics was also explored tentatively using multilevel analysis. The average home background (called the socioeducational level in this study) was found to contribute towards student achievement to a greater extent when compared ...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Achievement; Family Influence; Foreign Countries; Individual Characteristics; Institutional Characteristics; Performance Factors; School Demography; Science Achievement; Science Education; Secondary Education; Secondary School Students; Sex Differences; Single Sex Schools; Socioeconomic Influences; Student Attitudes
Downloads: 2
[texts]ERIC ED357955: Technical Issues in the First and Second IEA Science Studies. - ERIC
The first and second International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement Science Studies examined and compared science achievement in 19 and 26 countries, respectively. This paper considered 10 technical issues that arose in these 2 studies of science education and achievement. The issues discussed were the: (1) need for the development of a theoretical framework for cross-national studies of educational achievement; (2) need for national indicators of the conditions and outc...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Comparative Education; Cross Cultural Studies; Data Analysis; Data Collection; Elementary Secondary Education; Foreign Countries; International Education; International Programs; Models; Research Methodology; Research Problems; Science Achievement; Science Education; Test Results; Testing Programs
Downloads: 8
[texts]ERIC ED356946: School Effectiveness and Science Achievement: Are There Any Sex Differences? - ERIC
The purpose of this study was to use secondary analysis of an Australian database known as the Second International Science Study (SISS) to examine the role of student, school and home factors in explaining student differences in science achievement, especially on sex differences. Student characteristics investigated in the study included home background, attitude towards science, ethnic background, verbal and mathematics abilities, and sex of the student...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Achievement; Correlation; Cultural Background; Databases; Family Influence; Foreign Countries; Mathematics Achievement; Performance Factors; School Effectiveness; Science Achievement; Science Education; Secondary Education; Secondary School Students; Sex Differences; Socioeconomic Influences; Student Attitudes; Student Characteristics; Verbal Ability
Downloads: 2
[texts]ERIC ED356292: Chinese Bilingual Math and Science. Community School District 2, Manhattan Transitional Bilingual Education, 1991-92. Final Evaluation Profile. OREA Report. - ERIC
An evaluation was conducted of the first year of a 3-year program designed in New York City to serve the needs of Chinese-speaking intermediate grade students of limited English proficiency. The focus of the program was on improving their achievement in mathematics and science while also improving students' English language proficiency. The project proposed to provide enriched mathematics and science instruction in Chinese during the school year and in a 5-week summer institute, with workshops a...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Asian American Students; Bilingual Education Programs; Chinese Americans; Curriculum Evaluation; Elementary School Students; English (Second Language); Immigrants; Intermediate Grades; Language Proficiency; Limited English Speaking; Mathematics Achievement; Reading Achievement; Science Achievement; Science Education; Summer Programs; Thinking Skills; Urban Schools
Downloads: 3
[texts]ERIC ED361196: Students' Systematic Errors When Solving Kinetic and Chemical Equilibrium Problems. - ERIC
Although students' misconceptions about the concept of chemical equilibrium has been the focus of numerous investigations, few have investigated students' systematic errors when solving equilibrium problems at the college level. Students (n=189) enrolled in the second semester of a first year chemistry course for science and engineering majors at a private university in New York State were studied to: (1) identify students' conceptual chemical errors and systematic mathematical errors when solvi...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Achievement; Chemical Equilibrium; Chemistry; College Science; College Students; Correlation; Error Patterns; Higher Education; Kinetics; Logical Thinking; Mathematics Skills; Misconceptions; Problem Solving; Science Achievement; Science Education; Thinking Skills
Downloads: 6
[texts]ERIC ED348230: Structural Equation Modeling of Science and Mathematics Achievements of Secondary I Females in Arab Jerusalem: An Application of the Theory of Planned Behavior. - ERIC
This study utilizes the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) as the theoretical framework from which to explore the factors that have a determining influence upon science and mathematics achievement. The study makes every effort to expand the utility of TPB by assessing its applicability with respect to the achievement of 10th grade female Palestinian students in the academic areas of mathematics, life sciences, and general science (which includes chemistry and physics)...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Attribution Theory; Career Choice; Causal Models; Females; Foreign Countries; Grade 10; High Schools; Mathematics Achievement; Mathematics Education; Questionnaires; Science Achievement; Science Careers; Science Education; Sex Role; Structural Equation Models
Downloads: 1
[texts]ERIC ED352268: Improving the Math and Science Curriculum: Choices for State Policymasters. Report on the Secretary's Conference on Improving Mathematics and Science Education, December 1991. - ERIC
In December 1991, the first of a series of Secretary's Conferences on Improving Mathematics and Science Education was held in Washington, D.C., to discuss methods of attaining the fourth National Education Goal of being the world leader in mathematics and science education by the year 2000 as set by President Bush and the nation's governors. More than 250 state policymakers and representatives of national policymaking groups, the business community, and the federal government participated in the...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Curriculum Development; Educational Change; Educational Objectives; Elementary Secondary Education; Excellence in Education; Instructional Improvement; Mathematics Achievement; Mathematics Curriculum; Mathematics Education; Science Achievement; Science Curriculum; Science Education; State Curriculum Guides; State Departments of Education; State Standards
Downloads: 2
[texts]ERIC ED365515: Learning Science in a Changing World. Cross-National Studies of Science Achievement: 1970 to 1984. - ERIC
The world of education can be considered a natural laboratory in which different countries are experimenting with different strategies. This report presents the findings of the First and Second International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA) Science Studies. The book contains the following chapters: (1) Issues in Science Education; (2) Introducing Science in the Primary School; (3) Science for All in the Middle Secondary School; (4) Graduating from High School; (5) ...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Achievement; Concept Formation; Cross Cultural Studies; Elementary Secondary Education; Higher Education; Science Achievement; Science Curriculum; Science Instruction; Science Teachers; Science Tests; Summative Evaluation; Teacher Characteristics; Teacher Education
Downloads: 6
[texts]ERIC ED369652: Science & Engineering Indicators--1993. - ERIC
This report provides policymakers in both the public and private sectors with a broad base of quantitative information about U.S. science and engineering (S&E) research and education and U.S. technology in a global context. Chapter 1, "Elementary and Secondary Science and Mathematics Education," discusses the student's achievement, interest, coursework, school, and curriculum, teachers and teaching; and the policy context...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Educational Trends; Employment Opportunities; Engineering Education; Faculty Publishing; Government Role; Higher Education; International Communication; Mathematics Achievement; Mathematics Education; Minority Groups; Public Opinion; Research and Development; Science Achievement; Science Curriculum; Science Education; Science Teachers; Secondary Education; State Aid
Downloads: 1
[texts]ERIC ED354296: A Study of the Participation and Achievement of Black, Hispanic and Female Students in Mathematics, Science and Advanced Technologies in Virginia Secondary Schools. - ERIC
This study conducted a statistical analysis to look at the participation and achievement of Black, Hispanic, and female secondary education students in mathematics, science, and advanced technology programs in schools in Virginia, compared to those of White students and male students. In particular, the study applied descriptive and inferential statistical methods to develop percentages, frequencies, means, and binomial proportionality statistics using data collected via the Student Enrollment S...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Achievement; Black Students; Enrollment; Females; Hispanic American Students; Hispanic Americans; Magnet Schools; Males; Mathematics Achievement; Racial Differences; Science Achievement; Science Education; Secondary Education; Secondary School Students; Sex Differences; Statistical Analysis; Student Participation; Technology Education; White Students
Downloads: 1
[texts]ERIC ED347068: HISD Magnet Evaluation: Science, Math, and Computer Enrichment Programs, 1990-91. - ERIC
Twenty-one magnet programs in the Houston Independent School District in Texas feature an enriched curriculum in science, math, and/or computers (science/math). Of these, 12 are elementary programs, 4 are middle school programs, and 5 are high school programs. In these programs, a total of 9,574 students were served during the 1990-91 school year: 6,372 elementary, 3,358 middle, and 1,834 high school students...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Computer Science Education; Curriculum Enrichment; Elementary Secondary Education; Enrichment Activities; Magnet Schools; Mathematical Enrichment; Mathematics Achievement; Mathematics Education; Program Descriptions; Program Effectiveness; Program Evaluation; Science Achievement; Science Education; Teacher Qualifications; Urban Schools
Downloads: 1
[texts]ERIC ED379137: Socioeconomic Effects on Science Achievement: An Australian Perspective. - ERIC
The purpose of this study is to investigate science achievement of Australian students and how this achievement can vary from school to school. The proposition that gender and socioeconomic inequities in Australia are the result of school systems designed to reproduce an unequal social order is be examined with reference both to current sociological literature and methodological techniques which account for the hierarchical nature of students nested in schools...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Achievement; Equal Education; Family Characteristics; Foreign Countries; Intermediate Grades; Mathematical Aptitude; Models; Multiple Regression Analysis; Path Analysis; School Effectiveness; Science Achievement; Science Education; Secondary Education; Sex Differences; Socioeconomic Influences; Socioeconomic Status; Student Attitudes; Verbal Ability
Downloads: 3
[texts]ERIC ED348184: Small Schools and Higher Order Thinking Skills. - ERIC
A review of the literature indicates that, compared to larger, urban schools, small, rural secondary schools have limited course offerings in mathematics and science; the review also indicates, however, that the achievement of students in small, rural schools is equivalent to or even higher than, that of students in larger, urban schools. Such an anomaly may be due to a mismatch of the conventional measurement of achievement outcomes and the neglect of higher-order cognitive skills taught in adv...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Achievement; Achievement Tests; Advanced Courses; High Schools; Mathematics Achievement; Middle Schools; Rural Education; Rural Schools; Rural Urban Differences; School Size; Science Achievement; Small Schools; Surveys; Thinking Skills; Urban Schools
Downloads: 1
[texts]ERIC ED347065: Predicting Performance in Freshman Chemistry. - ERIC
The relatively large number of students who perform poorly in freshman chemistry courses signals the need for the identification of criteria that will result in correct placement decisions for incoming college students. Research findings have generally reported placement criteria that correlate significantly with performance in college chemistry coursework; however, predictions of course grades have tended to be very inaccurate because most of this research focused on the development of regressi...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Chemistry; College Entrance Examinations; College Science; Discriminant Analysis; Grade Point Average; Grade Prediction; High Schools; Higher Education; Introductory Courses; Multiple Regression Analysis; Predictive Measurement; Predictive Validity; Predictor Variables; Science Achievement; Science Education; Standardized Tests; Student Placement
Downloads: 1
[texts]ERIC ED357977: A Science Educator's and a Psychologists' Perspective on Research about Science Anxiety. - ERIC
This document reviews the research related to students' and teachers' anxiety related to science and the teaching of science in order to better understand the relationships between the variables that can predict this phenomenon. The research reports reviewed used either the Science State Trait Anxiety Inventory or the Science Teaching State Trait Anxiety Inventory in gathering their data. These inventories allow the researcher to change title headings within the inventory to allow the researcher...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Affective Measures; Anxiety; Attitude Measures; Elementary Secondary Education; Higher Education; Literature Reviews; Predictor Variables; Science Achievement; Science Education; Science Instruction; Scientific Attitudes; Self Esteem; Sex Differences; Student Attitudes; Teacher Attitudes; Test Construction
Downloads: 11
[texts]ERIC ED367716: An Empirical Approach toward the Prediction of Students' Science Achievement in the United States and the Peoples' Republic of China. - ERIC
An empirical approach is adopted in this paper to explore a possible model for prediction of students' science achievement in China and the United States. Construction of the model is based on the ninth-grade data base from Phase 2 of the Second International Education Association Science Study (SISS) in the United States and the SISS Extension Study (SES) in Hubei province in China. The common independent variables of science achievement are classified into gender, attitude, home background, cl...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Achievement; Background; Comparative Analysis; Context Effect; Cross Cultural Studies; Culture; Factor Analysis; Foreign Countries; High School Students; High Schools; International Studies; Models; Multivariate Analysis; Prediction; Science Achievement; Sciences; Sex Differences; Social Influences; Student Attitudes
Downloads: 2
[texts]ERIC ED330702: Science Achievement and Home Environment: National Assessment of Educational Progress 1985-1986. - ERIC
The relationship between student's home environment and achievement in science was examined using data from the 1985-86 National Assessment of Educational Progress, Science Assessment, for a nationally representative sample of American school age children in grades 7 and 11. Science achievement and background data were also collected for grade 3. The home environment variables included: (1) parent characteristics; (2) students' use of free time; (3) educational support of students at home; and (...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Achievement; Educational Attainment; Family Environment; Family Involvement; Grade 11; Grade 7; High School Students; Junior High School Students; National Surveys; Parent Background; Predictor Variables; Reading Habits; Science Achievement; Science Tests; Secondary Education; Television Viewing; Test Results
[texts]ERIC ED359229: Sampling Variability of Performance Assessments. Report on the Status of Generalizability Performance: Generalizability and Transfer of Performance Assessments. Project 2.4: Design Theory and Psychometrics for Complex Performance Assessment in Science. - ERIC
In this paper, performance assessments are cast within a sampling framework. A performance assessment score is viewed as a sample of student performance drawn from a complex universe defined by a combination of all possible tasks, occasions, raters, and measurement methods. Using generalizability theory, the authors present evidence bearing on the generalizability (reliability) and convergent validity of performance assessments sampled from a range of measurement facets, measurement methods, and...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Academic Achievement; Educational Assessment; Error of Measurement; Evaluators; Generalizability Theory; Interrater Reliability; Job Performance; Mathematics Achievement; Measurement Techniques; Performance Based Assessment; Sampling; Science Achievement; Science Instruction; Scores; Scoring; Student Evaluation; Test Reliability; Test Validity; Training
Downloads: 2
[texts]ERIC ED360363: Context for Learning: Science, Mathematics, Geography - IAEP: Alberta Report. - ERIC
Information collected as part of the International Assessment of Educational Progress II (IAEP II) about learning in Alberta (Canada) is provided, including information on the educational and cultural factors associated with student achievement and information on student attitudes, backgrounds, and experiences. Results for all participating countries (20 in science and mathematics and 9 in geography) have been distributed...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Achievement Tests; Adolescents; Comparative Testing; Cross Cultural Studies; Foreign Countries; Geography; International Studies; Junior High School Students; Junior High Schools; Mathematics Achievement; Science Achievement; Standardized Tests; Student Characteristics; Test Results
Downloads: 5
[texts]ERIC ED385154: Incorporating Cooperative Learning Strategies To Improve Science Achievement Scores among Ninth Grade ESOL I and II Physical Science Students. - ERIC
In response to the poor achievement, negative attitudes, and anxiety of limited-English-proficient (LEP) ninth-grade students (n=90) in science classes, a cooperative learning approach to instruction was adopted. In an effort coordinated with teachers of English for Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL), the students were assigned to cooperative learning groups and given specific projects corresponding to the curriculum but requiring exploratory and investigative methods rather than reading from a ...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Achievement Gains; Anxiety; Classroom Techniques; Cooperative Learning; English (Second Language); Evaluation Methods; Grade 9; High Schools; Instructional Effectiveness; Limited English Speaking; Science Achievement; Science Instruction; Student Attitudes; Student Evaluation; Underachievement
Downloads: 5
[texts]ERIC ED386374: Accelerated Math and Science Program Improvement Project Evaluation Report YR2. - ERIC
The Accelerated Math and Science (AMS) Project is a 3 year program funded by the California Migrant Education Program Improvement Program. It targets 6th, 7th, and 8th grade low-achieving migrant students who are 2 to 4 years behind their language peer group. Two questions guided the second year evaluation study for the Region IX Migrant Education program: (1) How successful was the training provided to migrant students in science and math?, and (2) Did the attitude of participating migrant stud...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Affective Behavior; Hispanic Americans; Intermediate Grades; Junior High School Students; Junior High Schools; Low Achievement; Mathematics Achievement; Mathematics Instruction; Middle Schools; Migrant Youth; Science Achievement; Science Instruction; Summer Programs
Downloads: 5
[texts]ERIC ED381342: Understanding Racial-Ethnic Differences in Secondary School Science and Mathematics Achievement. Research and Development Report. - ERIC
This study was designed to address two related issues: (1) Why are Blacks, Hispanics, and American Indians underrepresented in science and mathematics-related fields, and (2) Why do students of these minority groups have lower achievement test scores in science and mathematics than other students? Data on a number of home, school, and student variables were collected from the 1988 eighth-grade cohort of the National Education Longitudinal Study...
Keywords: ERIC Archive; Cultural Differences; Disadvantaged Youth; Ethnomathematics; Grade 8; Junior High School Students; Mathematics Achievement; Mathematics Education; Racial Differences; Science Achievement; Science Careers; Science Education; Secondary Education; Student Attitudes
Downloads: 4
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